Deaf and hard of hearing populations have historically struggled to gain access to information in their daily lives. This struggle is intensified during disasters and emergencies. This American Sign Language (ASL) glossary aims to increase that access by defining terminology that certified ASL interpreters will use when delivering emergency information to the public during a disaster. The videos feature Certified Deaf Interpreters Shelley Herbold and Beca Bailey, who are qualified interpreters under the Emergency Response Interpreter Credentialing (ERIC) Program.
The Arizona Department of Emergency and Military Affairs (DEMA) created the ASL glossary of emergency management terminology through a grant from the Arizona Department of Health Services.
Advisory: Highlights special weather conditions that are less serious than a warning. They are for events that may cause significant inconvenience and if caution is not exercised, it could lead to situations that may threaten life and/or property. Watch: The environmental conditions are such that an extreme weather event (extreme heat, tornado, thunderstorm, flooding, etc.) *may* occur and residents in the watch area should get prepared just in case. Warning: An extreme weather event *is occurring* and residents should take immediate action (shelter in place, evacuate, etc.).
All Hazard Incident
An incident, natural or human-caused, that requires an organized response by a public, private, and/or governmental entity to protect life, public health and safety, values to be protected, and to minimize any disruption of governmental, social and economic services. One or more kinds of incident (fire, flood, mass casualty, search, rescue, evacuation, etc.) may occur simultaneously as part of an all-hazard incident response.
Burden: Resources required to address an emergency or disaster situation; Capacity: An organization's ability to meet the burden required to address an emergency or disaster situation.
A back-up plan of action when actions described in the primary plan are no longer appropriate.
Emergency: Any event that can adversely impact the health and safety of people or property; Disaster: A sudden event, such as an accident or a natural catastrophe, that causes great damage or loss of life.
Any action to inform citizens about a potential threat and/or ask for them to take protective actions.
Emergency Operations Center (EOC)
A pre-designated facility established by an agency or jurisdiction to coordinate the overall agency or jurisdictional response and support to an emergency.
An organized, phased and supervised withdrawal, dispersal, or removal of civilians from dangerous or potentially dangerous areas, and their reception and care in safe areas.
An Evacuation Shelter serves the general population in an existing facility (or facilities), such as a school, community center, convention center, or church that has been temporarily converted for use as a shelter for disaster survivors. The shelter will meet the basic life-sustaining needs of shelter residents until the threat has passed (typically 72 hours or less), or until shelter residents transfer or transition to a Short-Term Shelter. Services typically include: basic food items or snacks, hydration, basic medical care, sanitation, and disaster-related information.
Incident Management Team
"An Incident Management Team (IMT) provides on-scene incident management support during incidents or events that exceed a jurisdiction's or agency’s capability or capacity. Teams include members of local, state, tribal and territorial entities; Nongovernmental Organizations (NGO); and private sector organizations. Teams encompass various agencies and jurisdictions. 1. Deploys to manage emergency responses, incidents, or planned events requiring a higher capability or capacity level than the requesting jurisdiction or organization can provide 2. Assists with incident management activities during all-hazards events, including natural and human-caused events, as well as planned events 3. Assumes management of the incident for the requesting jurisdiction or agency, or supports a local Incident Commander (IC) or Unified Command and its IMT in managing an incident or event 4. Directs tactical resources that the Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) and other supporting organizations provide 5. Coordinates with Emergency Operations Center (EOC) personnel regarding incident management objectives and support 6. Typically supports incident management activities of a corresponding incident complexity; for example, a Type 2 IMT typically supports a Type 2 incident 7. Has short- and long-team configurations; long-team configurations include additional positions and capabilities to meet an incident's needs based on results of a complexity analysis"
Joint Information System (JIS), Joint Information Center (JIC)
Joint Information System: A structure that integrates incident information and public affairs into a cohesive organization designed to provide consistent, coordinated, accurate, accessible, timely, and complete information during crisis or incident operations. The mission of the Joint Information System is to provide a structure and system for developing and delivering coordinated interagency messages. Joint Information Center: A facility established to coordinate critical emergency information, crisis communications and public affairs functions. The Joint Information Center is the central point of contact for all news media. The Public Information Officer may activate the JIC to better manage external communication.
Jurisdiction (All Hazard Incidents)
The range or sphere of authority. Public agencies have jurisdiction at an incident related to their legal responsibilities and authority for incident mitigation. Jurisdictional authority at an incident can be political/geographical (e.g., city, county, state or federal boundary lines), or functional (e.g., police department, health department, etc.).
Those activities implemented prior to, during, or after an incident which are designed to reduce or eliminate risks to persons or property that lessen the actual or potential effects or consequences of an incident. Mitigation measures can include efforts to educate governments, businesses, and the general public on measures they can take to reduce loss and injury and are often informed by lessons learned from prior incidents.
1. Activities that lead to a safe, efficient, and cost-effective fire management program in support of land and resource management objectives through appropriate planning and coordination. 2. Mental readiness to recognize changes in fire danger and act promptly when action is appropriate. 3. The range of deliberate, critical tasks, and activities necessary to build, sustain, and improve the capability to protect against, respond to, and recover from domestic incidents.
Ready, Set, Go
READY – Prepare Now! Be aware of the hazards that can threaten your community. Register with your county/tribal emergency notification system. Connect with your Emergency Management/Sheriff’s Office on social media. Take steps now to prepare for seasonal threats. Make a family communication plan that includes family phone numbers, out-of-town contacts and family meeting locations. Assemble an emergency supplies kit (Go Kit). Start with the five P’s; people and pet supplies, prescriptions, papers, personal needs and priceless items. Check with your neighbors, family, friends, and elders to ensure they are READY. Keep up to date on local news, weather watches and warnings. SET – Be Alert! There is significant danger in your area. Residents should consider voluntarily relocating to a shelter or with family/friends outside the affected area. Grab your emergency supplies kit. Keep in mind unique needs for your family or special equipment for pets and livestock. Stay aware of the latest news and information from public safety officials. This might be the only notice you receive. Emergency services cannot guarantee they will be able to notify everyone if conditions rapidly deteriorate. Be SET to GO. GO! – Evacuate! Danger in your area is current and life threatening. Residents should evacuate immediately to a shelter or with family/friends outside of the affected area. If you choose to ignore this advisement, you must understand emergency services may not be able to assist you further. Follow instructions from emergency personnel, stay on designated evacuation routes and avoid closed areas.
Encompasses both short-term and long-term efforts for the rebuilding and revitalization of affected communities. Examples: Short-term recovery focuses on crisis counseling and restoration of lifelines such as water and electric supply, and critical facilities. Long-term recovery includes more permanent rebuilding.
Activities that address the short-term, direct effects of an incident. Response includes immediate actions to save lives, protect property, and meet basic human needs. Response also includes the execution of emergency operations plans and of mitigation activities designed to limit the loss of life, personal injury, property damage, and other unfavorable outcomes. As indicated by the situation, response activities include applying intelligence and other information to lessen the effects or consequences of an incident; increased security operations; continuing investigations into nature and source of the threat; ongoing public health and agricultural surveillance and testing processes; immunizations, isolation, or quarantine; and specific law enforcement operations aimed at preempting, interdicting, or disrupting illegal activity, and apprehending actual perpetrators and bringing them to justice. Examples: Lockdown, shelter-in-place, evacuation of students, search and rescue operations, fire suppression, etc.
Shelter in Place
This is a precaution aimed to keep you safe while remaining indoors. (This is not the same thing as going to a shelter in case of a storm.) Shelter-in-place means selecting a small, interior room, with no or few windows, and taking refuge there. It does not mean sealing off your entire home or office building.
An ongoing process of gathering information by observation and by communication with others. This information is integrated to create an individual's perception of a given situation.